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Nuclear weapons on Japan - nuclear disarmament remains on the agenda

The FIR reminds of one of the worst war employments at expense of the civilian population of the Second World War. On 6 August 1945, the Japanese city Hiroshima and on 9 August the city Nagasaki was destroyed largely by atomic weapons, altogether about 250,000 people died by the bombing and in the first months thereafter as direct consequence of the atomic radiation. Until today, the few survivors of this war effort are still suffering serious health problems.

The military rationale of the U.S. Army for these devastating attacks was to break Japan's military and political resistance in the Pacific War and force Japanese militarists to surrender. However, even then, this was a pretended justification. The defeat of Japan and the liberation of the Japanese-occupied Chinese-Korean territories were only a matter of time after the Soviet Union had promised to enter the war at the Potsdam Conference. Admittedly, there was also in Japan a kamikaze attitude comparable to the German "Final Victory" propaganda. This could delay the defeat, but not prevent it.

Therefore, the dropping of these weapons had a different function. Truman had already informed the USSR at the Potsdam Conference that a nuclear weapon had been successfully tested in the American desert. Now the U.S. Army showed with the dropping of the weapons that they had progressed beyond the stage of the tests and that they were ready for action.

More than 1500 scientists had contributed to this result, among them many anti-fascist emigrants from Europe, who were ready in the "Manhattan Project" to secure the necessary military advantage for the Allies by developing their own weapon against the well-known experiments of German fascism with a hydrogen bomb.

With the military destruction of German fascism, however, these developments were continued and used as part of the American weapons potential as a means of political dominance in the Cold War. We know, for example, that during the Korean War, US General McArthur - despite the devastating consequences for the civilian population in Japan - pleaded for attacking a dozen or so Chinese cities with nuclear weapons in order to give the South Korean regime a military advantage. The American government was realistic enough to refuse such an order to attack. However, we also recall how close humanity was to a nuclear catastrophe in October 1962 in the "Cuban Missile Crisis".

Since the dropping of the bombs on Japan, anti-fascists, scientists and all forces interested in a peaceful development of the world have in countless initiatives brought forward proposals for the control and outlawing of such weapons of mass destruction. The newly created United Nations has been dealing with this problem for decades. The FIR formulated a passionate appeal for disarmament and control of nuclear weapons at its founding conference in June 1951.

Therefore, the FIR sees itself obligated to raise its voice 75 years after the dropping of the atomic weapons on Japan and - together with the mayor of Hiroshima - to request the states of the world to join the UNO convention for the ostracism of atomic weapons, which was decided already two years ago with two-thirds majority on the general assembly.

The FIR supports also the efforts of the Russian government to reverse the cancellation of the INF-Treaty by the Trump administration by renewed negotiations, as they began recently in Geneva.

These would be peace political signals in the sense of the victims of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

FIR (Fédération Internationale des Résistantes - Association des Antifascistes)